Various Materials Used for Making Gaskets

11 November 2016

Intelligent design practices form the spearhead of any design process. In the case of the various materials used for making gaskets, fabrication development takes its lead from the eventual application. In essence, nothing is set in stone until certain important factors are determined. These client-stipulated specifications cover mechanical operating conditions and thermal factors, plus there’s the chemical composition of the interred fluid to consider.

Fluid Conveyance Deliberations

Volatile chemicals assault fluid transmission joints. Heat and pressure extremes then go to work on pipe seals and housings. They’re assisted by fastener pressure and half a dozen other compressive elements. Even water can be an unsolicited threat here when time works with the liquid to oxidize parts. Gaskets prevail in all of these scenarios when they’re made of the right material.

Moderately Capable

Various fabrics are used to manufacture the right seals for specific applications. They start on the most innocuous level with granulated cork and paper films. The substrate fabrics are not pressure rated, but they do resist oils and certain fuels. Cellulose-based paper, for example, is used in many low horsepower engines to repel oily substances and semi-viscous fuels. Cork variants also bind to rubber backings to add vibration compensating features to the mix.

Fabric and Foam

When used in their base form, there’s little to be said about the mechanical aptitude of this product. Nylon yarn and urethane linings are typically die cut into complex shapes. The weave incorporates conducting metals so that the finished fabric sheet can be used as an EM (electromagnetic) shield. Important as this electronics-oriented application undoubtedly is, the fabric only realizes its ultimate purpose when it’s paired with strong polymers.

Fabric-Reinforced Gaskets

Polyester and rayon are two of the more common woven threads in use on this occasion. They bind EPDM, Neoprene, and other chemically neutral polymers. In effect, the soft rubbers compress efficiently while the fabric stops flex cracks. It reinforces the polymer. This composite gasketing type is also known as a cloth inserted sheet.

The tip of our metaphorical spear is reserved for our concluding paragraph. The materials used here include high-end silicones and the polyurethane family. From here, the synthetically engineered materials divide further to include chemically resistant branded variants and Teflon-strengthened PTFE. Finally, crowning these elastomeric and pliable synthetics, comes spiral wound gaskets. They sit up top with metal gaskets, alloys that are relatively soft but require immense compressive force if a proper seal is to be achieved.

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